Curriculum Vitaes

Saaler Sven


Profile Information

Professor, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Sophia University
(Concurrent)Professor, Graduate School of Global Studies
DR. Phil.(Ph.D.)(Univ. of BONN)

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Sven Saaler
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Major Papers

  • Sven Saaler
    Oxford Research Encyclopedia in Asian History, Apr 26, 2019  Peer-reviewedInvited
    <p>The Japanese colonial empire was composed of territories adjacent to the Japanese archipelago, ranging from Southern Sakhalin in the north to Taiwan in the south. Unlike most European powers, Japan did not acquire colonial territories that were far away from the metropolis; rather, it did so within the region in which it was located—East Asia. The geographical proximity between the metropolis and its colonial territories influenced not only the structure of the colonial administration, racial hierarchies in the empire, and colonial and metropolitan identities but also the rhetorical strategies that were used to legitimize colonial rule.</p> <p>Although the government generally envisioned a European-style empire, the creation of which would earn Japan the respect of the Great Powers and eventually lead to the recognition of Japanese equality, a significant number of politicians, writers, and activists argued that it was Japan’s mission to unite the Asian people and protect or liberate them from Western colonial rule. These discourses have been summarized under the term “Pan-Asianism,” a movement and an ideology that emerged in the late 19th century and became mainstream by the time World War I began. However, although some advocates of Pan-Asianism were motivated by sincere feelings of solidarity, the expansion of Japanese colonial rule and the escalation of war in China and throughout Asia in the 1930s brought to the fore an increasing number of contradictions and ambiguities. By the time World War II started, Pan-Asianism had become a cloak of Japanese expansionism and an instrument to legitimize the empire, a process that culminated in the Greater East Asia Conference of 1943.</p> <p>The contradictions between Japan’s brutal wars in Asia and the ideology of Asian solidarity continue to haunt that country’s relations with its neighbors, by way of ambiguous historical memories of the empire and war in contemporary Japanese politics and society.</p>
  • Sven Saaler
    International Journal of Asian Studies, 11(2) 125-160, 2014  Peer-reviewed
    In the conduct of prewar Japanese foreign relations, political associations (seiji kessha) - we might also call them pressure groups - exerted considerable political influence, particularly on Japan's relations with China and other Asian nations. One of the best known of these political associations is the Kokuryukai (the "Amur Society," also known as the " Black Dragon Society"), which was founded in 1901 and, in 1946, was banned as an ultranationalist association by the American occupation authorities. The Kokuryukai was also identified as the center of an expansionist conspiracy to steer Japan towards war with the Western powers. In the absence of detailed studies of the Kokuryukai, this article aims to clarify the organization's political views and activities and to demonstrate its influence on Japanese foreign relations and involvement in East Asia in the early twentieth century. Drawing on primary sources such as the association's publications and its leaders' memoranda and letters, I show that the Kokuryukai engaged in intensive networking activities and the accumulation of social capital involving not only Japanese but also Chinese and Korean politicians and diplomats. Nevertheless, I conclude that the association's influence on the origins of the Asia-Pacific War should not be overstated, since its activities reached a climax in the late 1910s and effectively ended with the death of founder Uchida Ryohei in 1937.
  • Sven Saaler
    日本の科学者 (Journal of Japanese Scientists), 48(8) 18-23, Oct, 2013  Peer-reviewed
  • Sven Saaler
    Comparativ. Zeitschrift für Globalgeschichte und vergleichende Gesellschaftsforschung, 19 27-43, 2009  Peer-reviewed



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